Wira hadi MAKALAH BAHASA INGGRIS TENTANG BUDAYA HUMAN CULTURE USERS Monday, June 3, 2013 AS THE CREATOR AND HUMAN CULTURE USERS I INTRODUCTION A. Background Human life is complicated, so are relationship... 5





A. Background

Human life is complicated, so are relationships that occur in humans are very broad. The relationships can exist between man and man, man and nature, man and living things that exist in nature, and human beings with the Creator.
Every relationship should be in balance. Besides humans were created with as perfect creation, to the best of shape either owned.

Humans also have to socialize with the environment, which is an early education in a social interaction.
It makes people have to have a science based divinity. Because the science that humans can distinguish between the rights of the non-rights, the obligations and liabilities that are not. So that environmental norms in running the harmonious and balanced.

Education as a result of culture should be regarded as a motivator, the realization of high culture. Besides education should contribute to the culture. The resulting culture in order to give the value of the benefit for the man himself.

Thus we can say that the quality of people in a country will determine the quality of a country's culture, as well as higher education will result in a high culture. Because culture is a result of the education of a nation.

B. Purpose

1. Duty basic humanities courses

2. Adding a good insight to the author or the reader

3. Give some idea about the cultural life in Indonesia

C. Target

            Goals in writing this paper is to all readers can understand, how the creation of a culture with the culture human relationships that occur in the community.


A. Human nature and culture


a. Human Understanding

Human language is derived from the word "manu" (Sanskrit), "mens" (Latin), which means think is wise or prudent creature (capable of mastering another creature). In human terms can be interpreted a concept or a fact, an idea or a reality, a group (genus) or an individual.

In relation to the environment, the human is a living organism (living organism). Personal formation is influenced by the environment even in the extreme can be said is said, every person comes from the environment, both environmental and welfare.

    Build human element consists of four elements, namely:
        Bodies: the human body that can be seen and touched
        Hayat: elements of life characterized by activity
        Spirit: spiritual
        Nafs: awareness / sense of self.


a. Definition of Culture

Culture or cultures derived from the Sanskrit language buddhayah, which is the plural form of the buddhi (mind or intellect) is defined as the things pertaining to the mind and human reason. In English, the culture is called culture, which is derived from the Latin word Colere, the process or work. Can be interpreted also as cultivate the land or farming. The word culture is also sometimes translated as "culture" in Indonesian.

Anthropologists have a view on a definition of culture, which is as follows:

E.B. Taylor. 1871 argues that culture is a complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, morals, customs law, as well as the ability and habits learned other people as members of society.

While linton. 1940, argues that culture is the whole and the knowledge, attitudes and behavior patterns is a habit that is owned and inherited by members of a given society.

As Kluckhohn and Kelly. 1945, argues that culture is all design life historically created, either explicitly or implicitly rational, irrational, existing at a time, as a potential guideline for human behavior.

Others with Koentjaraningrat. 1979, which relate to the whole system of ideas, actions and products of human endeavor in the context of a society that used to belong to human beings learn.

By definition, the experts can be stated that the element of learning is the cornerstone of cultured human action. Only a few human action in order that the society does not need to be familiarized with the study.

b. Elements of Culture

There are some opinions of some experts who argued the components or elements of culture, among others, as follows:

Melville J. Herskovits says that culture has 4 key elements include:

1. System technology and society

2. Economic system

3. Knowledge systems

4. System of social organization

5. Religious system

6. Language

7. Art

Bronislaw Malinowski said there is that culture has 4 key elements include:

1. Social system that allows the cooperation among the members of society to conform to the natural surroundings.

2. Economic organization

3. Tools and institutions or officers for education (primary education is a family)

4. Organizational power (politics)

c. Based on his form

culture can be classified into two components, namely:

1. Material culture

Material culture refers to all the creatures real and concrete. Included in the material culture are the findings resulting from an archaeological excavation: clay bowls, jewelry, guns, and others. Culture materia also covers items such as televisions, airplanes, sports stadium. Clothing, skyscrapers, and a washing machine.

2. Non material culture

Material culture are abstract creations are passed on from generation to generation, for example in the form of fairy tales, folklore, and traditional songs

B. Humans as creators and users of culture

            Culture is created from the result of the interaction between human beings with all the content that is in this universe. Human beings are made by God by the Arm intellect and mind to be able to work in this earth and in essence become caliph on earth. In addition it also has the human intellect, mind, intelligence, intuition, feeling, emotion, volition, and behavior. Premises of all abilities possessed by humans then can create culture. There is a dialectical relationship between people and cultures. Culture is a human product, but the man himself is a product of culture, in other words, culture exists because humans are created and people can live amid culture creation. Culture will continue to live as a man when there are supporters.

Culture has a huge cultural value to humans. Man's work raises major technologies that have utility in the natural environment to protect humans against. So culture role as:

    A guideline between human or group.
    Containers to channel feelings and other capabilities.
    As a mentor of life and livelihood.
    Clues about how humans should act and behave in socially.
    Regulator so that people can understand should act, act and determines his attitude when dealing with others.
    As an authorized builder



A. Conclusion

Human relationship integral to the culture will not, culture is very closely related to human life because of the work culture is created through a process of human intellect, the mind, the will, and behavior. With the diversity of different ethnic groups.

B. Suggestion

With the process of cultural by humans, in the hope that we still retain cultural values ​​contained therein. In order to maintain cultural identity and belonging to the nation.


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