Teaching and learning is a term that can not be separated from each other in the educational process. If there is a learning process, then there is no learning. And if there is learning means there is a learning process. And so on, are interrelated, can not stand alone. Studying and learning the difference lies in the emphasis. Discussion of a greater emphasis on student learning and the accompanying change in his behavior canoes. There is also more emphasis on teacher learning in an attempt to make the students can learn. Role of the teacher in the learning activities not only convey knowledge, but also plays a variety of roles which aims to develop the potential of students are optimally

Role, Duties and Responsibilities of Teachers
1. Education in its broadest sense
Education in its broadest sense includes the whole process and all forms of individual interaction with the environment, both formal, informal and non-formal in order to realize himself seseuai with optimal development stage so that it is able to achieve a certain level of maturity. In this context the role of the teacher has the duty and role as follows:
a) Konsenvator (custodian) who is the source of value systems and norms maturity innovators (developers) systems science
b) transmitters (successor) system - a system that values ​​the target students
c) Transformer (translator) system - the value system through the incarnation of his or her behavior through a process of interaction with the target students
d) Organizer (organizers) the creation of an educational process that can be justified either formally (to those who raised) and morally (to target students, and the God who created it).

2. Education in the narrow sense
Education is one of the processes of teaching and learning interactions in the form known as the formal teaching (Instructional), Gage and Berliner explains that in this context the teacher role, duty and responsibility as:
a) Planner (planner) to prepare what will be done in the process of spending the - teaching (pre-teaching problems)
b) Implementing (organizer) to create the situation, lead, stimulate, move, and directing of learning - teaching according to plan; teacher acts as a resource (resource person), Consultant leadership (leader) of a democratic and humanistic (human) for process takes place.
c) Assessment (evaluator) to collect, analyze interpret, and ultimately give consideration (judgment) on the level of success in learning - teaching (PMB) is based on established criteria regarding the effectiveness of the process and qualifying aspects of the product (output) of his.

3. In the opinion of Gage and Berliner
Based curriculum in 1975 and 1994, should be added (post and during teaching problems) assignment of teachers as a modifier of behavior (behavioral change) learners. Based on the basic concept of this behavior there are multiple streams of view (understand)
a. Holistic understanding (Holism)
Emphasize the behavior bahawa aims (pruprosive), which means that the intrinsic aspects of the individual self is the key factor that determines  (stimulus) that come from the environment.

b. Understand Behaviorsitik (behaviorism)
Emphasized that pattern - a pattern of behavior that can be formed through a process of habituation and strengthening the environmental condition of the stimulant.

4. Teacher Professionalism Competency
Barlow argues that the professional competence of teachers is the ability and authority of teachers in the profession run. Professional teachers are teachers who are capable of performing the task with high ability as a profession or source of life.

In running his professional ability, teachers are required to have a range of competencies that are psychology, include:
a. Cognitive competence Teachers
Teachers should have high cognitive capacity that supports learning activities led of cognitive ability is cognitive flexibility, characterized by openness teachers in thinking and adapt. Knowledge and skills required to support the cognitive profession.

b. Affective Teacher Competency
Teachers should have the attitude / feelings that support the learning process is done, either to yourself or the students.

c. Psychomotor Competency Teachers
Psychomotor competence of teachers is carnal skills needed by teachers to support professional activities as a teacher.

6. Role of Teachers in Learning Activities
Role of the teacher in the learning activities not only convey knowledge, but also plays a variety of roles which aims to develop the potential of students are optimally.  formulate teacher's role as follows:
1. Corrector
2. Inspiration
3. Informator
4. Organizer
5. Motivator
6. Initiator
7. Facilitator
8. Preceptor
9. Demonstrator
10. Business class
11. Mediator
12. Supervisor
13. Evaluator...



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